Tuesday, September 16, 2008

History - Sarikei Cantonese Association. Part III

Early 20th Century
Moving to Sarikei

Around 1906, Sage 先哲 Deng Gong Su 鄧恭叔 recruited a group of Cantonese from China to the Rajang (Rejang) River basin to develop the wild land. They developed the Cantonese agricultural land at Sibu but the plan did not proceed well and he returned to China. The remaining Cantonese had to fend for themselves. Some moved to Sarikei to work on "red wood" 红木 to make a living.

Sarikei was by the fertile Rejang River bank and the land was suitable for cultivating pepper and rubber. River transport was convenient. Then an early pioneer, Yu Bao (Yu Poh) 余保, was exporting a batch of "red wood" to Indonesia and saw the pepper cultivation there and struck an eureka moment. He brought back 10 pepper plants but only 3 survived the long tropical journey back to his garden.

The year was 1883. (Source: Sibu Chinese History Collection 詩巫華族史科集, 1992)

From there, pepper planting boomed in his village (Sare). They had savings because pepper cultivation supplemented their "red wood" income. They went back to China to bring in more Cantonese to help.


Source: Sarikei Cantonese Association, 122th Anniversary issue, Dec 2007


The Cantonese then were mostly dispersed around
Bulat 巫叻,
XX,
Pantok 班X,
XX,
Stok 泗X,
XX,
XX (I need help with translating those village names), Petalit 八得利, Jakar 椰甲, Meradong
毛XX,Merudu 木律都, Bayong 巴洋, etc. Life got better in the villages and meanwhile Sarikei slowly became a commercial centre. To fulfill the needs of the villagers, the Cantonese Association decided to move from Sare to Sarikei downtown. In 1910, they built a double storey wooden house (with donated wood) by the Rejang River at Wharf Road. This was the 2nd location of the Cantonese Association. The front section was then used as the temporary location of Kwang Chien school in 1927 for 40 students and the back as the Cantonese Association.


First Committee, Sarikei Cantonese Association, 8th May 1955
Source: Sarikei Cantonese Association, New Office Opening issue, 1980


(Updated)
第一届 (1955 -1956)
主席 : 陈高明
副主席: 梁明德
中文书: 叶礼兆
副文书: 李永泉 owner of 永信金铺
英文书: 梁明德
财政 : 陈买长
副财政: 陈潮富
总务 : 朱威
副总务: 刘根
福利 : 孙耀民
学术 : 叶发
监察 : 陈同盛
委员 : 刘目的
周潮


08.05.1955 本会第一届理事
Front Row L - R: Unknown, 刘目的, Chen Ko Ming 陈高明, Leong Ming Teck 梁明德, 朱威, 周潮, 叶发
Back Row L - R: 孙耀民, 叶兆, 李永泉, Ah Pao (a watch vendor), Lau Khan 刘根, 陈买长, Chen Tong Seng 陳同盛



1955 Rejuvenation
In 1941 during the World War II, the Japanese invaded Sarawak. The business market became dead. The Japanese ordered all Chinese associations' activities to halt. In Aug 1945, the Allied forces bombed Japan with 2 atomic bombs and the Japanese surrendered. On 8th May 1955, the Cantonese Association rented the 2nd floor of 18 Repok Road and established the first committee headed by Chen Ko Ming. The first and subsequent committees did well, left a good impression and foundation for future generations.

12 comments:

Daniel Yiek said...

Apologies on the late post. I'm in USA for a conference in San Francisco.

Can someone
a)translate the names of the remaining XXX villages?

b)link the names in the article to the faces in the photo?

Kanga said...

(a) Try to match this to the villages:Gaylap, Buidai, Lusak (all pronounced in Xinhui dialect)

(b) Chinese Secretary(Mr Yip) - back row 2nd from L. Deputy Chinese Secretary (Mr. Lee) - back row 3rd from left. Mr Chi Wei - front row 3rd from right. I think the gentlman at the back row 1st from left is Mr sun. The gentleman at the back row 1st from right looks like Auditor -Mr. Chen (Mr. Chen Ko ming's brother)

45rpm said...

Is Lau Khan 劉根 5th from L not the father of the lady boss of Eng Leong 永隆 No 15 Repok Rd ? I used to go to the same school as Lau Khan's son.

45rpm said...

第一届 (1955 -1956)
主席 : 陈高明
副主席: 梁明德
中文书: 叶兆
副文书: 李永泉
英文书: 梁明德
财政 : 陈买长
副财政: 陈潮富
总务 : 朱威
副总务: 刘根
福利 : 孙耀民
学术 : 叶发
监察 : 陈同盛
委员 : 刘目的
周潮

Lets try and identify, is not easy and not mistake prove as this is 50 years ago photo.

08.05.1955 本会第一届理事
Front Row L - R: Unknown, 刘目的, 陈高明, 梁明德, 朱威, 周潮, 叶发
Back Row L - R: 孙耀民, 叶兆, 李永泉, Unknown, 刘根, 陈买长, 陈同盛

陈高明 (Chan Ko Ming): Kapitan Chan need no introduction.
梁明德 (Leong Meng Tack): Kwang Lee Bank Manager from Singapore.
朱威 (Chi Wei): Kong Fu master, see how the master sited in a Kong Fu position?
周潮 (Jow Chiew): Father of Mrs Ah Kow of Hung Kiew Kee restaurant 馮球記酒樓.
叶发 (Yip Fat): Teach in Cantonese early career and later Kapitan of Hinkapan (9 miles) & biggest landlord of Hinkapan.
孙耀民 (Lou Sun) : Early photographer and owner of 大衆 Ta Jon Studio.
叶兆 (Yip Swe): Son of Sage Seng (Yip Seng)
李永泉 (Lee Weng Chin): Boss of goldsmith Weng Seng No 14 Repok Rd & early worker of 廣合興.
刘根 (Lau Khan): Boss of 永源 No 5 Repok Rd.
陈买长: Retire in Australia.
陈同盛 (Chan Hon Seng): Eldest brother of Kapitan Chan Ko Ming and Chairman of Cantonese Association from 1975 – 1986.
陈潮富 (Chan Chow Fu): Member of legendary basketball team Flying Saucer 飞 碟 and married the daughter of Kim Seng Ang. Mr Chan works for 廣合興 and related.

Tuan Lokong said...

Daniel you did not mentioned "Sungai Paoh" area.
"Balai" at the end of Sare'road today with schools and quite a large community there though quite mixed with the Ibans. I must say the Cantoneses mix with the Iban community very well.

Other areas such as Durin, Kanowit and Pakan, Julau areas.

easechen said...

陈买长is a cousin of Chen Ko Ming. His daughter Poh Fong is a medical doctor who once practised in Sarikei, & is now in Australia.

45rpm said...

陈买长 (Chan Mai Chiong), got his education from Hong Kong. He worked for Standard & Charter Bank, Kapitan Chan was the Manager. That could be good choice to choose him as the 1st 财政 treasurer of the association. The daughter is a medical doctor so as the son-in-law, they migrated to Australia so as 陈买长.

Daniel Yiek said...

Thanks for all the great comments while I was away.

Correction: 巫叻 is Bulat, not Oya. 叻 is promounced "lak" in Cantonese

Daniel Yiek said...

Correction: Lau Kahn is the father of Lau Nien Chen whose shop, Eng Leong, 永隆 was at 15 Repok Road (not 5 Repok Road)

Rec'd this comment:


Ref: 45rpm dated 23-09-2008

Chen Chow Fu 陳潮富 had a shop(sundry cum exports business) of his own at no.4 Bank Road previously owned by Khoo Peng Loong 邱炳農. Chen Ma Chan 陳買長 his closer relative worked with him.

Ma Chan,as far as I can recall,had never worked for Standard & Chartered Bank (was then called The Chartered Bank. I think he meant Chen Ko Ping陳高平 and kapitan Chen Ko Ming陳高明 was not the manager

sarikeikia said...

I think one problem is that not many can go back to history far enough.

For example Lau Nien Chen family was living in No 5 Repok Rd when her father Lau Kahn was a boss of 永源. Lau Nien Chen was married to the family of 永隆 at 15 Repok Road. I happen to attend the same class as Nien Chen's brother.

Ma Chan did not work for The Chartered Bank before? Chen Ko Ming wasn't the boss of the Bank in Sarikei then?

It will help if the research goes back further before history is re-written.

Anonymous said...

中文书:叶礼兆
李永泉:owner of 永信金铺

Anonymous said...

Cantonese were also gathered around:
Sg.Minar美那
Nyelong义朗
Ngalang义兰

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